What are the various medical treatment options for infertility?

Infertility is a medical disease that can affect both male or female reproductive system. It is characterised by the inability to conceive a pregnancy after a year or more of consistent unprotected sexual intercourse, Dr Puneet Rana Arora Says, IVF Expert and Medical Director Cifar Infertility Center, Gurugram Haryana.

It can have a significant effect on both men and women, resulting in emotional stress, psychosocial well-being, and financial challenges that can greatly affect their mental and emotional well-being.

“A new report published today by WHO reveals that a significant number of individuals experience infertility at some point in their lives. Approximately 17.5% of adults globally, which is roughly 1 in 6 people, face the challenge of infertility. This highlights the pressing need to enhance the availability of affordable and top-notch fertility treatment for individuals in need.”

Source: https://www.who.int/news/item/04-04-2023-1-in-6-people-globally-affected-by-infertility

There are several infertility treatment options, and the choice of treatment depends on the underlying causes of infertility after being carefully diagnosed at the CIFAR Infertility Centre under Dr. Puneet Rana Arora & Team.

Ovulation Induction (OI):

Sometime Dr Puneet, prescribes medications to stimulate the ovaries and promote the development of multiple eggs.

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI):

Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is an assisted reproductive technique that involves the placement of a semen sample directly into the uterus of a woman. The laboratory is responsible for preparing this semen sample. The goal of artificial insemination is to maintain the fertilisation process as close to its natural state as possible. The objective of this procedure is to enhance the sperm’s potential and optimise the likelihood of successful fertilisation of the egg.

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF):

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a commonly employed assisted reproductive technology (ART) that involves the retrieval of eggs from the ovaries, their fertilisation with sperm in a laboratory dish, and subsequent implantation into the uterus.

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI):

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) is an advanced assisted reproductive technology (ART) technique used as part of in vitro fertilization (IVF) particularly to treat male infertility. It is particularly beneficial when there are issues with sperm quality or when traditional IVF procedures have not resulted in successful fertilization.

Laser Assisted Hatching:

Laser-assisted hatching is a cutting-edge technique that is employed in conjunction with IVF treatment to enhance the chances of successful embryo implantation. If you’re facing IVF failure for reasons that are still unknown or have a low chance of success with traditional IVF treatment, laser-assisted hatching may be recommended to you. At our CIFAR Infertility Centre, our mission at LAH is to conquer every obstacle that stands in the way of implantation or a successful pregnancy. 

Egg or Sperm Donation:

In cases of poor egg or sperm quality, using donor eggs or sperm may be an option.


When a pregnancy cannot be carried to term, surrogacy offers a solution by involving another woman who carries the pregnancy on behalf of the intended parents.

Preimplantation Genetic Testing (PGT):

PGT, short for Preimplantation Genetic Testing, is a series of techniques employed during in vitro fertilisation (IVF) to evaluate embryos for genetic abnormalities prior to their implantation into the uterus. PGT enables the identification of embryos with chromosomal abnormalities, single gene disorders, or structural rearrangements, empowering fertility experts in Gurgaon to carefully choose the most robust embryos for transfer.

Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy Surgery:

Laparoscopy is a remarkable surgical procedure that grants doctors the ability to observe and perform operations on the organs within the abdomen and pelvis. This is made possible through the use of a laparoscope, a slender tube equipped with a camera and light source. A laparoscope is carefully inserted through small incisions in the abdominal wall. Conditions like Endometriosis, Ovarian Cysts, Pelvic Adhesions, and tubal issues can be effectively treated using laparoscopy.

Hysteroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that enables doctors to carefully examine the inside of the uterus. This is done using a hysteroscope, which is a slender tube equipped with a camera and a light. The hysteroscope is carefully inserted through the vagina and cervix. Conditions like Uterine Polyps, Uterine Fibroids, and Uterine Septum can be effectively diagnosed and treated using a hysteroscope.

Lifestyle Changes:

Adopting a healthy lifestyle, including maintaining a balanced diet, regular exercise, and avoiding substances like tobacco and excessive alcohol, can positively impact fertility.

Choose CIFAR Infertility Centre for Infertility Treatment

At CIFAR reproductive centre, we offer a wide range of procedures to help individuals and couples overcome infertility and achieve their dreams of starting a family. Our services include IUI, IVF/ICSI, Blastocyst, Sperm Cryopreservation, Embryo Cryopreservation, and more. At CIFAR, we provide a variety of supplementary services that greatly enhance the likelihood of successful pregnancy after undergoing IVF and ICSI. Please discuss with one of team member of CIFAR to know them more.


It is essential to seek guidance from Dr Puneet Rana Arora (Fertility specialist or reproductive endocrinologist in Delhi NCR) to identify the most suitable treatment based on the specific factors that are causing infertility.